Alike English, In Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesia Language) we do also have Figurative Language which called as Majas. But, this time, I will going to discuss about Metonimia only, one of most often Figurative languages used by Indonesian in daily.
Majas Metonimia (Figurative Languages – Metonimia) is one of Indonesian Figurative Languages which using characteristic or label from a thing in order to replace the thing. the way of using this figurative language is by using it’s name for other things. it could be brand, any specific traits or attribute.
– My father went to Singapore by Garuda.
Garuda in here isn’t mean Eagle (English for Garuda) but it refer to Indonesia airplane’s name.
– I drink Aqua
Aqua in here mean water but specifically it refer to Aqua as one of Mineral Water Brand. Most of the Indonesian, no matter what type of mineral water brand they buy or drink , they will still refer / associate it with Aqua brand.
Last time when I was in food court, I heard someone said “Hey, give me the Aqua.” when I took a look for the brand, it was Cleo (one of Mineral Water brand).
This kind of thing not happen for drink but also instant noodle.
If you are Indonesian, I sure you know Indomie, this instant noodle brand, even my Taiwanese friend knew about this brand (One of most famous brand).
Whenever you ordered instant noodle in WARKOP (something like kopitiam in Malaysia or Singapore), people often to say Indomie, although the instant noodle that served isn’t Indomie brand perhaps Sarimi or Mie Sedap (others Indonesian Instant Noodle Brand)
When It comes to motorbike, Indonesian like to called Honda instead of Sepeda Motor (Motorcycle / Motorbike). The reason is simple because Honda was the first Motorbike brand that entered Indonesia Market.
Do you have this kind of Figurative Language in your languages?